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Floating Science

The following links represent research, studies and resources about Floating:

Key Articles

The Elicitation of Relaxation and Interoceptive Awareness Using Floatation Therapy in Individuals With High Anxiety Sensitivity           The latest research on the benefits of floating for those who suffer from anxiety.

A Chat with Dr. Justin Feinstein, Director of the “Float Clinic” at Laureate Institute for Brain Research about benefits of floating

Getting your Zen on in Steamboat. The experience of floating in word of local, Eugene Buchanan

Magnesium: An Invisible Deficiency That Could Be Harming Your Health

Why Every Athlete Should Jump Into a Float Tank

The Floatation Tank: Microwave Meditation for Busy Creatives

There’s no amount of anti-depressants or pain medication that can replace this

Super Bowl Champions use flotation therapy…

Stress, Pain and Relaxation

Flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST) as a stress-management tool:
A meta-analysis. Dierendonk & Nijenhuis. (2005) Psychology & Health, volume 20 , issue 3.

Eliciting the relaxation response with the help of flotation-rest (restricted environmental stimulation technique) in patients with stress-related ailments.
International Journal of Stress Management, Vol 13(2), May 2006, 154-175.

Effects of Flotation-REST on Muscle Tension Pain; (2001)
Kjellgren, Sundequist, Norland, Archer; Pain Research and Management, Vol 6, No 4, Winter.

Rest-assisted relaxation and chronic pain.
Health and Clinical Psychology, Fine, T.H. & Turner, J.W., Jr. (1985). 4, 511-518.

Health and therapeutic applications of chamber and flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST), (1999)
Peter Suedfelda & Roderick A. Bow Psychology & Health Volume 14, Issue 3, 545-566

Effects of relaxation associated with brief restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST) on plasma cortisol,
ACTH, and LH. Turner, J.W. Jr. Fine, T.H. (1983). Biofeedback and Self-Regulation

Restricting environmental stimulation influences levels and variability of plasma cortisol.
Turner, John W., Jr., and Thomas H. Fine (1991) J. Appl. Physiol. 70(5): 2010-2013/

Flotation REST in Applied Psychophysiology
Thomas H. Fine, M.A. and Roderick Borrie, Ph.D.

Flotation REST Therapy Results in Pain Relief and Relaxation for Fibromyalgia Patients (2011)
Dr. Roderick Borrie and Dr. Tamara Russell

Effects of flotation-REST on muscle tension pain. (2001)
Kjellgren A1, Sundequist U, Norlander T, Archer T. Pain Res Manag. Winter;6(4):181-9.

Progressive muscle relaxation and restricted environmental stimulation therapy for chronic tension headache: a pilot study. (1991)
Wallbaum AB1, Rzewnicki R, Steele H, Suedfeld P. Int J Psychosom. 38(1-4):33-9.

Float Tanks for Fibromyalgia Treating stress related pain in a clinical sample with flotation-REST:A further report on improvementson pain assessed by the Pain Area Inventory (PAI)
Landström, A., Bood, S.Å., Kjellgren, A., & Norlander, T. (2007) Social Behaviour and Personality,35, 1279 1280


Restricted environmental stimulation technique improves human performance: rifle marksmanship. (1993)
Barabasz A1, Barabasz M, Bauman J. Percept Mot Skills. Jun;76(3 Pt 1):867-73.

Sensory Deprivation Tank Improves Sports Performance & Learning

“Short-Term Exposure to REST: Enhancement Performance on a Signal-Detection Task.” Atkinson R. Clinical and Experimental Restricted Environmental Stimulation: New Developments and Perspectives. pp.93-100. New York: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.”1993

Floatation Therapy Current Concepts
Jeremy Bond, Head of the Sport Psychology Unit, A.I.S. (1997)

The Use of REST in the Enhancement of Sports Performance-Tennis.
Restricted Environmental Stimulation: Research and Commentary. Baker D.A. (1990). pp.181-187. Toledo, Ohio: Medical College of Ohio Press.

Mental Health and Addictions

Health and therapeutic applications of chamber and flotation restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST), (1999)
Peter Suedfelda & Roderick A. Bow Psychology & Health Volume 14, Issue 3, 545-566

Studies in REST. II. An overview of REST technology. (1988)
Cooper GD(1), Adams HB J Subst Abuse Treat. 1988;5(2):69-75.

Sensory Deprivation Tank Addiction Treatment

Floating Boosts Recovery in Addiction Treatment Studies

Restricted environmental stimulation therapy (REST) as a treatment for autistic children. (1983)
Suedfeld & Schwartz, Journal of Development and Behavioral Pediatrics. Sep 4(3):196-201.

Chamber REST Reduces Alcohol Consumption: 3, 6, 12, and 24 Hour Sessions

The Use of Restricted Environmental Stimulation Therapy in Treating Addictive Behaviors

Studies in REST: Arousability and the nature of alcohol and substance abuse. Adams, H. B. Report for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, 1987; Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 5, 77-81, 1988

Floatation in treatment of eating disorders,
personal story of Emily Noren.


Meditation 101

Mindfulness meditation may ease anxiety, mental stress
Harvard Health Blog

Harvard Yoga Scientists Find Proof of Meditation Benefit

Floatation effect on Brain Waves

Sensory Isolation in Flotation Tanks: Altered States of Consciousness and Effects on Well-being. Kjellgren, Anette; Lyden, Francisca; Norlander, Torsten, The Qualitative Report Volume 13 Number 4 December 2008 636-656.

Pratyahara: the Forgotten Limb of Yoga; withdrawal of the senses.

Magnesium (aka Epsom Salts)

Health Benefits of Magnesium Sulfate.

Univeristy of Maryland Medical Center on Magnesium

CNN: Magnesium, an invisible deficiency that could be harming your health

Men’s Journal: Health & Fitness Magnesium: The Missing Mineral

Mercola: Magnesium benefits your blood pressure

Unviserity of Birmingham: Report on Absorption of magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts) across the skin

Livestrong. Com: Can You Absorb Magnesium From Epsom Salt?

Floating in the News


Pay Attention: How sensory deprivation and floating impact the mind  CBSnews 2018

Steamboat Pilot: Flotation therapy coming to Steamboat Springs

Getting Your Zen On in Steamboat:
Eugene Buchanan, 2015NBC Nightline Video

Detroit Free Press (2015) Flotation tanks are new trend in health and relaxation

Discover Magazine (2014) Floating Away: The Science of Sensory Deprivation Therapy

Washington post (2013_ Seeking serenity? Flotation therapy offers an inexpensive way to achieve it.

Unique therapy giving Oklahomans gift of relaxation (2015)


Michael Hutchinson’s 7 theories of flotation therapy

The Sensory Deprivation Tank – Joe Rogan

Dr. Weissman talks about the Sensory Deprivation Tank

The Book of Floating: Exploring the Private Sea, Michael Hutchison, 2005.

For further research on REST visit Penn State University REST:

Lab research and links

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